Bronze Age Town & Gulf Ports on the Copper Trail
Open-fire manufacturing of Copper Oxhides

Figure 12. Closeup of another Burrows Cave Mapstone of the Mississippi River, showing what appears to be a two-story building on the east side of the Mississippi River. It appears that since the Mississippi had changed its course to the East by the time of these mapstones. This mapmaker apparently had only heard about the place, and put it on the wrong side of the river. (Photo by Wakefield)

continued from Page 8 …Atlantis was designed with circular rings. The population of Poverty Point is thought to have increased greatly after 1200 BC, a date when a comet impact caused all the cities in the Mediterranean to be destroyed in earthquakes and fire, and submerged the Atlantean city, after the eruption of Mt. Atlas [Ref.14]. Despite the flood of refugees to the west, the comet disaster ended the Michigan mining, the Atlantic trade, the mound building at Poverty Point, and the European Bronze Age, all at the same time. Climatologists call the following cold (2° fall) and wet period [1250-1000 BC) the “Plenard Period.“ So many sites are now underwater, we have lost grasp of how big the trade in copper was in prehistory. The underwater breakwater of Bimini in the Bahamas is well known. (Bimini = Ba [soul] min [Egyptian god of travelers] nini [homage]= “homage to the soul of Min “(Ref.44). Less well known are the enormous walls of Sm X 6m blocks at a depth of 14m that run for several miles on the coast of Morocco, and the old megalithic coastal cities of Lixus and Mogador (Ref.37).

Archaeologist Bruseth’s midden cross-sections of the Claiborne site appear to provide evidence for copper oxhide manufacture. Fig.10, upper right. shows a hearth as long as a football field: 6‘ deep, 300′ long, in a midden twice as long. “Numerous amorphous fired clay lumps surround the hearths, and are commonly found …A typical cluster of 86 clay objects… The author has examined several examples for evidence of deliberate shape, but in all instances they were found to be amorphous and unintentionally formed …A radiocarbon date of 1425+/- 140 BC … the stratum seems to represent an activity area where perforated varieties of baked clay objects were being fired. This interpretation is based on the nearly total absence of complete baked objects, and the abundance of charcoal concentrations… Artifact types in the stratum are almost exclusively fragmented baked clay objects… The broken clay objects are interpreted to represent specimens that fragmented during the firing process” (Ref.24). The clay fragments were probably hammered off the copper oxhides when they cooled. Bruseth notes that “the predominant artifact categories included lithic debris and cobbles with battered ends” (Ref.24). So it appears stone hammers were used to break off the molds.

Burrows Cave Maps
Several mapstones (Figs. 11,12) from Burrow‘s Cave (Ref.41) show two story buildings that seem to be at the Poverty Point site. No other site is known that may have had two-story buildings. These mudstones are believed to have been carved in the first century AD, so more than 1200 years after the comet disaster and the end of the copper mining, and even 700 years after the end of the life of the site, according to the archaeologists. Apparently there was a long continued use of the site, since two-story wooden buildings require a lot of maintenance. We see no remains today, other than unexplained postholes, because the buildings were not built of stone. Note that the site could no longer be seen from the river (which had moved), as it is accessed by a trail from the junction of the Arkansas River in Figure 11. Note a 2-story building placed on the wrong side of the river, and without a trail, in Figure 12. Mistakes happen, when you sail by, and only hear of a place, without seeing it.

Although big stones are totally lacking, the Poverty Point site should be considered as part of the worldwide Megalithic Culture in the Bronze Age because of its circular design, conical pyramids, latitude ecodings, multiculturalism, and the pottery found at the site. It has “ports” on the Gulf (contemporary with Olmec cities and most of the dynasties of Egypt), where middens show it is likely that the copper oxhides were made, which fueled the Bronze Age in Europe.