Bronze Age Town & Gulf Ports on the Copper Trail
Open-fire manufacturing of Copper Oxhides
continued from Page 3…be shown to have a geometric plan (Fig.6). From north to south, the mounds B, A, L. and J are situated on a straight line, called the western North-South axis. (The site axes are not true N-S lines, but point 8° NNW, called “Poverty Point North” (“PPN”). This is similar to Olmec La Venta, on the south side of the Gulf of Mexico, designed at about the same time, both oriented opposite their sites’ (magnetic) deviation of 8° east.) The line through the mounds M and D, called the eastern North-South axis, runs parallel to it. The 90° right angle intersection of the east axis with line A-C from Mound A will be called point C, and the line A-C we call the horizontal axis. Apparently, this point C is considered the center of the plaza. The line connecting mound B and the center C makes angles of 45° with the horizontal and vertical lines. The line L-D, from Ballcourt Mound to Dunbar Mound, is at right angles. or near to right angles to B-C. These lines are the baselines of the complex.
There are 5 aisles which connect the central plaza with the area outside the rings. They divide the figure into segments of comparable size. The plaza was found to be “free of trash,” but numerous filled-in holes up to 3 feet diameter were found “where posts had been set” on the western side. The SW segment possesses a special wall, parallel to the corridor beside it, which is called the Causeway. This Causeway continues to run beyond the rings in southwestern direction over a distance of 800 feet. No burials have yet been identified at Poverty Point.
The circular rings of Poverty Point model the planet Earth more accurately than you would expect. The rings are symbolic for the “Wheel of the Law,” dedicated to Maat, the Egyptian goddess of law and order in the universe. The 6 walls in 10 segments of the full circle form 6 x 10 = 60 units, showing the sailing route below Cape Farvel at 60°N. The 6 mounds X 6 rings = the latitude of Gibraltar at 36°N, and with 10 segments of the rings, may also show the size of the Earth, at 360°. Since a moira is the Egyptian distance unit for 1°, and our unit is the Nautical Mile [l”= 60 NM], they probably indicate the circumference of the Earth to be 360 moira, which would be 360 X 60 = 21,600 NM, which is correct.
Gibson shows 38 radiocarbon date tests, with results running from 2300 BC (possibly 2470), to 650 BC (possibly AD 70]. These radiocarbon datings put the site in the Late Archaic period in North America. The massive earthworks and tons of “exchange rocks” were considered incompatible with the Archaic “hunter-gatherer” period. But no agriculture, and very little pottery could be found, which has been very troubling to archaeologists. When one finds corn agriculture, earthworks and pottery, the culture is called “Woodland,” and these sites are one or two thousand years more recent than early Poverty Point. There are no large rocks at Poverty Point, so the site features earthworks, not huge stone monuments. The whole complex of mounds has a North-South length of 3.5 miles, and a width of nearly a mile. At the center of the site are the 6 concentric, semi-circular walls around a wide plaza. The 5-8 foot tall rings are now reduced to one foot by plowing. Following its 1950s work, the American Museum of Natural History in New York reported dark middens (old debris) on the fore and aft slopes of the rings, and postholes on the rings, suggesting occupied buildings on the rings. Their work consisted of test holes, not excavated areas, so no pat-…continued on Page 5